In these works I use the process of embossment, that is, printing text without ink on black paper. The printed letters are forced below the surface of the paper and can be only be read in a play of light and shadow, a negative and a metaphor for the existential condition of many in this world today – the disappeared, the unneeded,  the expendable, disappeared, undocumented, disposable, those forced by wars, poverty and environmental degradation to migrate. In other words, they are human surplus and this is not accidental. They are not collateral damage but victims of an intrinsic need of 21st century capitalism. I have often used text in my work, creating conditions in which people become participants if they wish – that they do the work,  they stop and take the time to read and think.